If you notice bleeding during brushing or when you use dental floss, don’t stop brushing nor using dental floss. On the contrary, be sure to thoroughly clean your teeth. Bleeding is a sign of inflammation of the gums, called gingivitis. It is caused by the accumulation of bacteria forming an invisible film, dental plaque. If plaque accumulates and is not removed, it thickens and mineralizes into tartar, a hard and rough coating that cannot be dislodged with a toothbrush and where bacteria are safe.
A poorly adapted prosthesis, hormonal changes or health problems, as well as some medications may also weaken the gums and make them more susceptible to inflammation and bleeding.
If gingivitis is left untreated and becomes chronic, it is likely to cause periodontitis. This results in gum pulling away from the teeth and gradual destruction of the bone surrounding the teeth. Teeth become loose and if not treated, can causes tooth loss.
Make an appointment with your dentist and hygienist for an examination and cleaning. Depending on the diagnosis, the dentist will prescribe the appropriate treatment and recommendations.
In the meantime, pay special attention to your dental hygiene. Brush thoroughly with a soft toothbrush, three times a day and floss daily. You can move the toothbrush under warm water to soften its bristles so brushing is less painful. You can rinse your mouth with salted water or an antiseptic mouthwash sold in drugstores (see the pharmacist and carefully read its instructions.)